Comparative Analysis: Electric vs. Conventional Trucks


In the realm of global goods transportation, trucks have traditionally served as the vital link in logistics, propelling the world towards globalization. However, the landscape has shifted with growing environmental concerns, causing conventional trucks to be replaced. Instead, electric trucks have taken center stage. 

This article entails a holistic comparison between electric and conventional trucks in their development, effect, performance, and running costs, among other aspects.

Performance and Efficiency

Conventional trucks are engineered with a focus on powerful engines, dependability, and the capability for long-distance travel, ensuring they withstand the rigorous demands of long-haul transport. They are known for their robust engines and extensive range between fuel stops.

In contrast, electric trucks are swiftly evolving to match these high-performance criteria. Recent strides in technology, particularly in enhancing battery and motor efficiency, have significantly propelled electric trucks closer to these standards. The growing interest in electric vehicles within the trucking sector has led many fleet operators to consider electric semi-trucks as a means to boost performance and sustainability. 

Notably, leading electric semi-trucks like the Mercedes-Benz eActros 600 and the Tesla Semi are setting new standards with their electric semi truck range of approximately 600 to 800 kilometers on a single charge. This breakthrough in range is transformative, making electric semi-trucks a practical option for a broader scope of routes and intensive hauling tasks.

Additionally, electric trucks offer performance advantages such as immediate torque for rapid acceleration and superior handling, especially beneficial in urban settings or congested traffic. 

These capabilities are proving that electric trucks are not just matching but are also set to surpass the performance of conventional trucks, potentially establishing new efficiency benchmarks in the trucking industry.

Environmental Impact

Regular trucks are unfortunately known for their greenhouse gas emissions, increased air pollution, and promoting the use of fossil fuels. However, some of these negative trends are decreasing due to recent improvements in diesel technologies.

On the other hand, electric trucks offer a greener alternative since they don’t have tailpipe emissions and therefore they considerably enhance air quality, particularly in urban areas. Yet, the true environmental benefit of electric trucks hinges on the cleanliness of the electricity source used to charge them.

There is no denying that leveraging renewable energy sources is key to ensuring the sustainability of electric truck operations. The electric trucks sold across the globe amounted to just 1.2% in the year 2022, which explicitly signaled that a large market potential remained unexplored. The market has been growing slowly but steadily, pointing out that electric trucks are desired for environment-friendly reasons.

Cost Analysis

Electric trucks have significantly smaller operating costs, such as fuel and maintenance costs. This aspect becomes more and more important when considering the increased costs of diesel fuel and the fluctuating oil market.

Furthermore, governments and regulatory agencies are introducing incentives to counterbalance the higher initial purchase prices of electric trucks, aiming to make them a more financially appealing option for fleet operators. These shifting economic dynamics underscore the long-term cost advantages of electric vehicles. With the electric truck market expected to expand to $65 billion by 2032, the industry is recognizing the economic benefits of transitioning to electric vehicles.

Maintenance and Durability

Electric trucks have a streamlined design, with fewer parts that are prone to wear and tear, requiring less maintenance compared to diesel-powered models. Electric trucks come with the advantage of reducing the amount of time spent in repair shops for operators who are looking to reduce downtime. 

However, the longevity of batteries in electric trucks remains a focus for ongoing research and development. Enhancements in battery technology are anticipated to extend both the lifespan and reliability of batteries. It’s also noteworthy that as battery production scales up, further improvements in battery technology are expected.

Infrastructure and Accessibility

When it comes to infrastructure, conventional trucks benefit from an established network of filling stations worldwide. This widespread availability is a significant advantage, especially for covering extensive distances.

In contrast, electric trucks face limitations due to the sparse availability of charging stations, which restricts their use, particularly for long-haul journeys. Therefore, the development and expansion of fast-charging infrastructure, as well as enhancing their range capacity, are crucial steps to bolster the viability and versatility of electric trucks. As businesses continue to grow, leading to a surge in demand, the widespread adoption of electric trucks in logistics and transportation services becomes inevitable.


The shift from conventional trucks to the electric version is a game-changer for the trucking industry, which requires a sustainable solution. Electric trucks have already started showing the world their potential. In the coming years, we can expect even more technological advancements regarding the fuel consumption and braking systems of these vehicles. 

This comparison underlines not only their current capabilities and limitations but also brings forth their potential to change the future of transportation. With further advances, electric trucks stand poised to play a critical role in the establishment of a sustainable and efficient trucking landscape.

Chris Price